In the first reading, the proposed law is formally introduced in the House of Representatives by the member who sponsors the bill. Debate is not allowed and this stage is only a formality.
Then, in the second reading, members of the House of Representatives debate the contents of the bill at length, and suggest suitable amendments. After that, the bill is referred to a public bill committee, where its technical details are deliberated.
During the committee stage, the committee deliberates text of the bill line by line. For this purpose, the committee takes oral and written evidence from the relevant field experts and parties. The committee can also decide whether each provision of the bill should remain, and can incorporate amendments suggested other members of parliament in the earlier stage.
After the committee stage, the bill is brought back to the House of Representatives in the report stage and any amendments to the original text are discussed. Members of the House of Representatives may propose and vote on further amendments to the bill.
In the third reading, the House of Representatives decides on passing the bill. All members of the House of Representatives who present during this stage record their vote of agree or not (recorded vote or roll call vote).
If the House of Representatives reach the required number of agree votes, the bill is passed and can be tabled in the Senate. If not, the bill is not passed and ends here.