Ada apa

A tale of two democracies

English · Bahasa

Parliament is one of the pillars of democracy in Malaysia. It is made up of the House of Representatives (or Dewan Rakyat), the Senate (Dewan Negara) and the King (Yang di-Pertuan Agong). Parliamentarians are elected to represent the people in:

  • making and changing laws,
  • regulating the country's finances,
  • debating central government policies, and
  • discussing the people's concerns.

This infographic shows how two kinds of democracy make laws.

Meet Durian Democracy and Papaya Democracy. Each of them symbolizes an actual form of parliamentary democracy practised in the world. Click or tap on ? for more information. Which democracy would be better for us?

1 Drafting

2 The House of

3 The Senate

4 Implementation

We hope you have learnt something about how parliament works. This infographic will be updated from time to time and you can help improve it with your feedback. Please send your comments and suggestions by email to

Join UndiMsia! on social media and share your ideas of how parliament can work better for the people.

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UndiMsia! is a civic education programme aimed at strengthening the ownership, participation and representation of youth on their right to vote and civic responsibility. Through this programme, Malaysian youth are engaged in developing their critical thinking by using effective forms of activism to solve their community issues. Projects under UndiMsia! are designed based on four pillars: information, process, action and platform for a robust civil society.

For more information, visit or email

Art direction & graphic design
Arthur Lee

Concept & web design
Khairil Zhafri

Lim Ka Ea
Mazni Ibrahim

A production of the
Malaysian Centre for
Constitutionalism and
Human Rights (MCCHR)

© MCCHR 2016